Day 1 :
Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Time : 10:05 - 10:40
Hami Alpas was a Visiting Scholar in 1996 and 1998 at University of Wyoming, USA; Visiting Scientist in 2001 and 2002 at Ohio State University, USA and; Visiting Professor in 2006, 2007 and 2008 at University of Bordeaux I, France. His main research areas are: Unit Operations in Food Engineering, Non-thermal Food Processing Technologies, Food Quality, Food Safety and Food Defense. He is an expert in Food Defense training activities via NCFPD (USA). He has supervised five PhD and 12 MSc theses. He has 76 international journal articles (SCI) and over 1000 citations as well as close to 60 academic presentations in 40 different international meetings. He has completed 15 national, four international projects including EU/JRC, CNRS-EGIDE and NATO ARW/ATC, EU-FP7 projects. He has authored 12 chapters in internationally edited books and has edited three international books by Springer.
The global food system became extremely vulnerable in the 21st century. Food having, social, cultural and nourishment aspects is produced in bulk amounts and needs rapid production, sourcing and distribution at both national and international level that is beyond the limits of routine food safety measures. Traditional food safety practices lack the capability of recovering/preventing from intentional threats and securing our food for accessing to sufficient calories. The intentional contamination of food supply poses a real threat to society. It has the potential to disrupt food distribution, loss of consumer confidence in government and the food supply. It is still unconventional and occurs asymmetrically. The overlaps and differences between safety and defense have to be clarified through a total food protection, perspective by breakdown of food safety management systems and especially vulnerability assessment. Food security, safety, defense, protection and quality should all be linked within a food continuum by determining the counter measures to eliminate or at least minimize the vulnerabilities as well as enhancing the capability for surveillance, preparedness and response to pre-determined intentional contamination for greater awareness and prevention. Intentional adulteration, possible motivations, terrorism, industrial sabotage and economically motivated adulteration are all new concepts that will be detailed. Finally, possible food defense mitigation strategies and tools will be summarized through public-private partnership alternatives for preparedness and international outreach.
Embassy of Malaysia, Belgium
Time : 11:00-11:35
Kalanithi Nesaretnam completed her PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at University of Reading, UK in 1996. She is currently a Minister at Malaysian Embassy based in Brussels, Belgium. She started her career at Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) as a Scientist studying the effects of palm oil and its phytonutrients in nutrition and health. She has a number of patents and several publications to her credit and is best known for her contribution to the field of research in Tocotrienols and Breast Cancer. She was awarded Gold Medal for excellence in research by MPOB in 2001 and won prestigious World Intellectual Property Organization’s (WIPO) Best Woman Inventor in 2006. She was a founding member of Society for Free Radical Research (SFRR) and is the Past-President for SFRR Asia. Prior to her current position, she was Director for Product Development and Advisory Services, MPOB for six years.
Palm oil is the world’s most traded vegetable oil. 85% of the oil is used for food. It is therefore imperative that the highest standards of food safety and quality should be adopted. This high standard for food can only be achieved by an effective partnership between government regulators and producers. Oil palm plantations cover 16.4 million hectares worldwide which is only 0.3% of the world’s agricultural land. Nevertheless, oil palm has adopted environmental sustainability standards as a key driver. In Malaysia, oil palm cultivation has long advocated sustainable farming practices. The research and development activities engrained within the industry also ensure the industry remains a leader in the production of edible oil. The global market today is facing a potential crisis in terms of ensuring food security. The challenge is to produce and supply safe and nutritious food in a sustainable way for a growing population, which is projected to reach 9 billion by 2050. While demand for food is rising, the amount of land suitable for food production is likely to be limited, mainly through pressures from other uses and climate change. This paper will address some of the steps being considered to overcome these challenges.
Seoul National University, South Korea
Time : 11:35-12:10
Yong Ho Park completed his DVM and MS at College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea. In 1991, he completed his PhD in Veterinary Microbiology at Washington State University, US. He has worked at National Veterinary Research Institute from 1978 to 1995. He has been appointed as an Adjunct Professor at College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University since 1996 and has been also appointed as an Affiliate Professor at Mississippi State University since 2013. He has served as a President of Asian Association of Veterinary Schools (AAVS) and President of Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety. From 2011 to 2014, he has worked as a Commissioner at Animal, Plant, Fisheries, Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Korea. He has published more than 240 scientific papers at referred journals.
Antimicrobials have played an important role in maintaining the animal health and in producing the high quality food. The concern that the use of antimicrobials in food animal production can increase the risk of selection of antimicrobial resistant bacteria that may cause failure of treatment has led to international expert meeting and reports. Although the prevalence of zoonotic antimicrobial resistant bacteria in food animals is maintained still low, however, resistant genotypes similar to or identical with those of the human isolates were also found in non-human sources. Therefore, the risk management interventions should be urgently implemented. Furthermore, a one health approach to antimicrobial use and resistance is essential to minimize the antimicrobial resistance in humans and animals, because these are the responsibility of all three health communities: Human health; animal health and; environmental health-communities. Recent reports have documented MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) detection in animals, foods and animal workers. Now, it is considered as one of the most important zoonotic pathogens. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-mediated resistance is of considerable importance in both human and veterinary medicine. In a study done in Korea, CTX-M producing E. coli and Salmonella were detected in animals, raw meat, farm environment and farm workers. These results suggest that a combination of clonal and horizontal transmission is spreading of CTX-M resistant NTS between animal and human sources. Surveillance of antimicrobial usage and resistance provides important data for the identification of resistance problems and contributing factors for the development and spread of resistance at a national and local level. Harmonization and standardization are needed to compare the situations at the national and international levels. Prevention and control of infections in food animals is essential in fighting antimicrobial resistance. It is essential that all parties work together to ensure safe use and to minimize the development of resistance.